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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 119-124

Dental segmentation in cone-beam computed tomography images using watershed and morphology operators


1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences; Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hadi Seyedarabi
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tabriz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmss.JMSS_32_17

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Teeth segmentation is an important task in computer-aided procedures and clinical diagnosis. In this paper, we propose an accurate and robust algorithm based on watershed and morphology operators for teeth and pulp segmentation and a new approach for enamel segmentation in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Proposed method consists of five steps: acquiring appropriate CBCT image, image enhancement, teeth segmentation using the marker-controlled watershed (MCW), enamel segmentation by global threshold, and finally, utilizing the MCW for pulp segmentation. Proposed algorithms evaluated on a dataset consisting 69 patient images. Experimental results show a high accuracy and specificity for teeth, enamel, and pulp segmentation. MCW algorithm and local threshold are accurate and robust approaches to segment tooth, enamel, and pulp tissues. Methods overcome the over-segmentation phenomenon and artifacts reduction.


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