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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 225-230

The empirical mode decomposition-decision tree method to recognize the steady-state visual evoked potentials with wide frequency range

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali Maleki
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmss.JMSS_20_18

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Background: The empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is a technique to analyze the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) which decomposes the signal into its intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). Although for the limited stimulation frequency range, choosing the effective IMF leads to good results, but extending this range will seriously challenge the method so that even the combination of IMFs is associated with error. Methods: Stimulation frequencies ranged from 6 to 16 Hz with an interval of 0.5 Hz were generated using Psychophysics toolbox of MATLAB. SSVEP signal was recorded from six subjects. The EMD was used to extract the effective IMFs. Two features, including the frequency related to the peak of spectrum and normalized local energy in this frequency, were extracted for each of six conditions (each IMF, the combination of two consecutive IMFs and the combination of all three IMFs). Results: The instantaneous frequency histogram and the recognition accuracy diagram indicate that for wide stimulation frequency range, not only one IMF, but also the combination of IMFs does not have desirable efficiency. Total recognition accuracy of the proposed method was 79.75%, while the highest results obtained from the EMD-fast Fourier transform (FFT) and the CCA were 72.05% and 77.31%, respectively. Conclusion: The proposed method has improved the recognition rate more than 2.4% and 7.7% compared to the CCA and EMD-FFT, respectively, by providing the solution for situations with wide stimulation frequency range.

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